Oman – History

The History of Oman Timeline
600s ADIslam arrives in present day Oman.
1507Portuguese arrive in Muscat.
1800sOman expands its African colonies, profiting from the slave trade, during the period of Sultan Said ibn Sultan Al Said's rule.
Mid 1800sBritish declared slavery illegal.
1850s and 1870sPopulation of Muscat fell from 55,000 to 8,000 as families fled to Zanzibar due to the collapsed economy.
1888Sultan Faisal bin Turki al Said assumes power after his father suffers a stroke, he struggles to keep interior tribes content in the poor economy.
1913Sultan Taimur bin Faisal al Said succeeded his father
1915-1920British support Sultan Taimur, and repel the rebellious tribes from the interior.
1920British brokered Treaty of Seeb signed, granting legal autonomy within the interior of Muscat and Oman. Imam of Oman rules domestic affairs in the interior. Sultan Taimur bin Faisal rules the coastal region.
1932Sultan Said Bin Taimur al Said succeeds his father as Sultan of Muscat and Oman for financial reasons, and inherited a bankrupt administration.
1937Oil prospecting begins.
1954Re-start of fighting between the Imamate interior forces and the sultan's forces.
1958The last remaining dependency, Gwadar, on the Asian mainland, ceded to Pakistan.
1959British abrogate Treaty of Seeb, reestablish the Sultan's authority by helping squash the rebellion.
1964Oil discovered.
1965Dhofar rebellion gains traction.
1970His Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said takes reign in a palace coup. Begins to consolidate the tribes into rule and modernize the country using the new oil revenues.
1975Dhofar rebellion suppressed with the help of the British, Iranians, Emiratis, Jordanians, Saudis, Egyptians, and Pakistanis.
1981Gulf Cooperation Council founded, Oman a charter member.
1997 Sultan Qaboos decrees woman can hold and vote for Majlis al Shura, Consultative Council positions
2006Oman and US sign a free trade agreement.
2015Oil production exceeds 1 million barrel per day for first time.


Metz, Helen Chapin. Persian Gulf States: Country Studies. 3rd ed. Washington, D.C.: Federal Research Division, Library of Congress :, 1994. 296-305. PDF. 

“Oman Timeline.” University of Texas at Austin. Web.